Equity Trading In Share Market And How It Works In India
Equity Trading

What Is Equity Trading

Equity trading in share market, also known as stock trading in share market, is the buying and selling of company shares in the financial markets. When you own a share of a company's stock, you essentially own a portion of that company. Equity trading takes place on stock exchanges, which are organized platforms for buying and selling stocks. Investors, including individual traders, institutional investors, and hedge funds, participate in equity trading to achieve various financial goals, such as capital appreciation and income generation.

How to trade in Equity Trading In the Stock Market In India

There are several ways to engage in equity trading. Day trading, for instance, is a short-term strategy that involves analyzing a share's price movements and closing one's position by the end of the trading day. This technique requires alertness and quick transactions, with the aim of profiting from small price movements in a volatile market. Options trading, on the other hand, involves using derivative contracts to trade stocks and shares at a prespecified price in the future. Although the orders placed for options are typically conducted in the same way as those of equities, options tend to have an expiration date, and traders do not have the right to earn from dividends or have any ownership over their assets.


Equity represents ownership in a company, and shares or stocks are units of ownership. Companies issue shares to raise capital and, in return, investors buy these shares, becoming shareholders.

Stock Exchanges:

Equity trading typically occurs on stock exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the Nasdaq. These exchanges provide a platform where buyers and sellers can execute trades.


Investors need a brokerage account to participate in equity trading. Brokerages act as intermediaries, facilitating the buying and selling of stocks on behalf of investors. Investors place orders through their brokerage accounts, and the broker executes these orders on the stock exchange.

Bull and Bear Markets:

Equity markets can experience periods of upward and downward trends. A bull market is characterized by rising stock prices, while a bear market is characterized by falling prices. These trends are influenced by various economic, financial, and geopolitical factors

Investor Objectives:

Investors engage in equity trading for different reasons. Some seek capital appreciation by buying stocks with the expectation that their value will increase over time. Others may invest for dividend income, as certain stocks pay regular dividends to shareholders.

Risks and Rewards:

Equity trading involves risks, and the value of stocks can fluctuate. Investors can make profits if the stock price increases, but they can also incur losses if the price decreases. The potential for higher returns is often associated with higher risk.

Market Participants:

Various participants, including retail investors, institutional investors (such as mutual funds and pension funds), and high-frequency traders, contribute to the liquidity and dynamics of equity markets.

Market Orders and Limit Orders:

Investors can place market orders to buy or sell a stock at the current market price. Alternatively, they can use limit orders to specify the price at which they are willing to buy or sell, allowing for more control over the execution price.
In conclusion, equity trading offers numerous opportunities for investors to buy and sell shares or stocks and benefit from the growth of listed companies. By using the strategies highlighted above, investors can engage in equity trading effectively and efficiently while minimizing the risks associated with the stock market. .